Tuesday, April 2, 2019

Ideologies of the ANC and DA

Ideologies of the ANC and DAIdeologies of the ANC and DA that serves as intellectual cornerst unmatchable basisIdeologies wad be defined as a system of ideas and ideals, curiously one which forms the basis of economic or policy-making surmisal and policy. policy-making Ideologies ar the pillars and the primeation of any policy-making policy-making fellowship. It is classic to carry imposing governmental ideologies in order to set up members with the aforesaid(prenominal) beliefs in the troupes ideologies. In this es produce, I result identify a hardly a(prenominal) of the ideologies of the ANC and the DA by olfactory perceptioning into their humankindifestos and also bring forth a invoice of relationship ideologies has with election and a democratic province and also give my opinion on the best ideology as intellectual foundation that will make a change in the country.IdeologiesIn the book, semipolitical sympathies by Andrew Heywood, we see an Ideology pr eserve be defined as Heywood (201327) A social-scientific viewpoint. It is a coherent set of ideas that permits a basis for unionised political action. When looking at this definition one could deduce various in make-up on the political ideologies of the African National Congress and the antiauthoritarian tout ensembleiance. It is a group a quite a little that forms a political society having a goal to make a difference in the lives of any citizens deep down the political argonna. They also follows certain procedures to govern a country. We bespeak to take into consideration that political ideologies has many a nonher(prenominal) facets such as Liberalism, conservatism, socialist economy, fascism and feminist heading as a few. Liberalism is the ideology of the Heywood (201331) industrialized West and portrayed as a meta-ideology. It is capable of embracing a broad figure of contact value and beliefs. In my opinion it would be a broad range of form that we find polit ical ideologies. It is giving e actuallyone an equal chance .It is a sense of comparison. For example, Education for totally.Heywood (201334) Conservatism has its key ideas rackd on tradition- amassd apprehension from the ago Conservative mint atomic number 18 people who are disposed to change. They expect society to stay the same, not taking into consideration that people change and make mistakes. Conservative people struggle to accept that zippo stays the same. Conservatism is found a lot in political structure. It poses many challenges and organismness conservative as an individual in a group setting in political relation can almost condemnations be difficult.Heywood (201338) Socialism is to abolish a large(p)ist economy based on a market exchange.1 Its key ideas are Community, Fraternity, Social E caliber, Need, social class, ordinary induceership. Socialism relates to a society or an organisation. Socialism within politics strive to economic and political equality within the country and that all citizens are equal which is difficult because we all our diverse and celebrate diversity within our country. We all have our different religions and cultures and we are a different. A socialist is someone who wants to cultivate equality and wants to include every conviction and colour.Other ideologies include Heywood (201347) fascism new man a fighter aircraft motivated by duty and honour and self-sacrifice prepared to make his/her life to the glory of their nation or race and to give implicit obedience to a supreme leader. Fascists are deficiencyed for people to count that there is a leader that can lead the company in the right direction.Heywood (201349)Feminism-it is more concerned with the reform of the in the creation eye(predicate) sphere that is with enhancing the well-grounded and political status of women and meliorate their educational and career prospects than reordering buck private or domestic life.2The political celestial sphe re is dominated by men. In todays society we see many females who are leaders. The cash advance of women played an important example in the upliftment of women. They play a very significant role in the country. We need feminist to bring equality of genders. We have a Minister for Women and children. governmental ideologies-an introductionEccleshall (198479) The ideology of conservatism If a society is to prosper, its political. Social and economic arrangements must be such as to stimulate and satisfy those with most to contri barelye to the prevalent exhaustively. 3Politicians are needed to keep balance between all the facets of a country (the citizens, the environment, infrastructure etc.) the so-called business-man, the farmer and the man on the alley is at a centre of equality.Geoghegan (1984115) The ideology of socialism is that all forms of socialism comprise three basic components a critique, an alternative and a theory of transition.4 Socialists have a social responsibi lity to the country. anyone to have basic rights and irritate their basic rights. It is that the political companionship can see the need and so assess the need and find possible solutions. For example Taking the man from the street and giving him shelter.Jay (1984153) The ideology of Democracy is in agreement with ideology that states res publica denotes a rather different kind of entity, Democracy only when mean rule byof the people. Within this we have aristocracy, monarchy and oligarchy. Democracies shared many political practices in common. A democracy simply means every personate. A democracy is a government that is governed for the people, by the people. Democracy can be seen as freedom to a certain extent. Democracy is what our leaders fought for, so that we can have equality. Democracy is a form of Ideology where people choose a political party to look by and by their take in all aspects of life.Jay (1984185) The ideology of Nationalism. Nationalism is described as a ism invented in Europe which admits that humanity is naturally break upd into nations, that nations are known by certain characteristics which can be ascertained, and that the only let type of government is national self-government. Nationalism is a political doctrine and not a state of mind.5 Nationalists are South African citizens who have strong and firm beliefs in their country. Nationalism is a set of determine and beliefs pertaining to the country. Nationalists can also oppress people as they only see of what is nationally possible for its citizens. They are loyal and firm hopers in the country. semipolitical ideologies of the twentieth centuryKohn (1966133) Racialism the word race is primarily a biological term and denotes groups of men differentiated by anatomical characteristics. many another(prenominal) barriers exist because of racism. Racism exists everywhere, locally and even globally. In my opinion, racism can be oppression through colour, gender and religion . People are seen as different just because they do not have the same shin colour or do not believe in the same religious ideologies. Racism in politics is unflustered very rife since Apartheid and beyond. Racism is the cause of inequality between citizens within a detail country. The biggest example of racism in our country is between the leading party (ANC) and the competition party (DA).The ANC being black dominated party and the DA being diverse but mostly white. The DA maintains a good BEE balance. BEE is a racist attack in order to rectify the inequalities of the past Apartheid era.Kohn(1966146) Fascism is one of the two great authoritarian mass movements which started in the 20th century in conscious opposition to the middle-class capitalistic nuance of the 19th century. The origins of the fascist movement in Italy are to be found in both the wave of disillusionment and the exacerbated nationalism that swept Italy after 1918. 6Fascism is when one leader can not fight so cio-economic issues on his/her own and where inequality still exists. Fascism is seen as a mass movement. governmental cognizance in AfricaScience vs. philosophy The Need for a relevant political perception. Barongo (198317) When we define political science the different branches of inquiry may divide into two group the empirical and non-empirical .Empirical seek to explore, to describe to let off to assure occurrences in the world we live in. Non-empirical had disciplines of logic and pure mathematics whose propositions are proved without necessary reference to empirical findings.7 In my opinion, political science is a study. And like any study, thorough research has to be through to obtain more information about the specific topic/idea. Every continent/country has their own political ideologies and beliefs because each country is different. Africa being the poorest continent has a tremendous job in order to cope/compare with first world countries. Although our continent is po or, we are lively in resources, especially in research.SA political science An IntroductionThe function of political parties in a democracy De Jager (2015150-151) We see political parties for representing the interest of their members. In SA there is a broad diversity of ideologies, cultures and invoice and thus interest. The role of the parties is to verify that all the interest of their members are taken into consideration. If members put a political party into governance (by voting), the members of that political party expect the party to look after their interests with in the party. The political party must look after the cultural, religious and social beliefs of the members. For example upliftment within communities and extra-mural activities in wards where the political is in powerSocialisation and mobilisation Parties can ensure change magnitude participation of the public by integrating voters into a system and command them how and why to play the political game. Doing this they also inadvertently stimulate a sense of political legitimacy for democracy. Mobilisation is getting a federation to be self-sufficient. When political parties creates projects for the familiarity to be self-sufficient. For example Starting vegetable gardens, informing them about their rights. make-up and Recruitment of political leaders recruit and grooming political leaders. Not just the ANC has to recruit leaders but the opposition parties. This consist of encouraging the juvenility to get involved in politics. It starts at school (debates, trips to Parliament) to inform the youth and make them politically awake(predicate) of possibilities of a career in politics. In order for them to be no-hit, they need to have a passion for doing the right thing politics for people. Formation is important to form a youth league to train the youth from an ahead of time age.Winning Elections and governing key role of political parties in a democracy is to put forward their philo sophies goals and election manifestos to compete for votes. The ANC has won all of the national elections since 1994 because it is very skilled at electioneering and has the largest base of social support. Canvassing in the area for elections is a form of competition. Politicians say the right things to prospective members even if it is not true just to march on votes. If enough people vote, the political party might be successful and win the elections. Many people believe that the ANC brought freedom, but ironically many politicians within the party have been found guilty by the public protector. The ruling party will be in control and hold most seats in government which works to their advantage.Maintaining government accountability and influencing decision-making there are two types of accountability 1-vertical emanates through the electorate sine the electorate knows which party is responsible for controlling the government. 2-Horizrontal channelled through opposition parties w hich are responsible for systems (e.g. amiable the right to govern). Jacob Zuma is our president and the leader of the ANC. We need to hold the correct soul accountable for his actions. We need to know who will be responsible for the actions of government. presidential term acts on behalf of the country. The opposition plays an important role to keep the leading party on their toes as competition. The leading party has a lot of exploit of decisions with government. They influence decision making as a party.The Ruling society ANC.De Jager (2015154) The liberation movement celebrated it centenary in 2012. It is a movement that is born out of Christian value of equality and mutual wish led by an African middle class of lawyers, teachers, church ministers and doctors. The early ANCs call for inclusion in the South African body of politic was as citizens of a common, non-racial society, informed by Christian and disinterested conceptions of justice and humanity. The ANC has also b een influenced by the ideologies of communism and Africanism, the different approaches of those who were in acquit trade union movements and those incarcerated during Apartheid. The influence of these different ideologies and traditions continues to have considerable deduction for the organisation, leading it to be called a broad church It also helps to explain why the policies and practices emanating from the ANC cover the spectrum from moderate to radical and from liberal to socialist. The ANC still does not recognise itself as a political party it insists on being a liberation movement. Currently the party is torn between the values of its founders and those who seek political power for personal interest. Nelson Mandela played an extremely important role in the ANC and the country. He was the forefather of the liberation movement. The ANC strives to keep his legacy alive. Although there was many controversy within the party, they still have some form of success. Julius Malema leaving the ANC led to a decrease in the party, although he left, the ANC is still the most popular political party. They members believe that the ANC can not do anything wrong in the political spectrum.The formalized opposition The DADe Jager (2015155) The DA is the culmination of a long time of political parties splitting and coalescing but its origins go back to the breakaway by a number of liberals form the United Party in 1959 and the formation of the Progressive Party. Helen Suzman played a major role in the history of the DA. The DA supports a programme of non-racial democracy, a limited state, constitutional mastery and market economy. The party is labelled as the white party. The primal challenge for the party is its growth as non-white members could not become public representatives pre 1994. The key resource for the DA has been access to government and the use of coalitions8. The DA can be seen as the biggest threat to the leading party. The official opposition party. I t is a strong opposition. They are the biggest threat to the ANC. The coalition between the DA and the so called coloured party the Independent Democrats lead by Patricia de Lille was one of the biggest political developments we have ever seen post 1994. The history of the party still classifies them as a white party. The DA is quite diverse. The western Cape is governed by the DA and they are doing quite well here. Although they provide competition for the ANC, they do a lot for the province.The Ideologies of the Democratic AllianceWhat type of society does the DA want to build? 1) The core concept of Zilles DA is one of an open opportunity society for all, which it counter poses to the ANCs closed crony society for some where a clique rules to accumulate wealth. For the DA, a competitive job-creating economy, supported by an efficient education system, are the main drivers of this society. 2) The DAs education policy subscribes to human capital theory, which considers the purpose of education to be the production of skills for the market, and the raising of productivity and and then economic growth. 3) The DA aims to provide what it refers to as a framework for plectron of goods and services, such as schools. The party bases their conception of choice on trickle-down political economy so, as global competitiveness drives economic growth and society becomes richer, its members will be able to exercise the rights and choices for services. 9The Ideologies of the African National Congress.For more than a century, has led our people in their aspiration for a united, non-racial, non-sexist, democratic and leisurely society as the strategic goal of the National democratic revolution. To ensure all South Africans have access to adequate human settlements and quality living conditions through programmes that provide one million housing opportunities for whirl households over the next five years, and providing basic services and infrastructure in all existing inf ormal settlements. Improve and expand education and training by making grade R compulsory, eradicating adult illiteracy, and further improving the quality of basic education up to senior grade. The FET college sector will be expanded, with greater support for the needs of students, and compulsory community service for all graduates will be introduced.10ConclusionAs we can see from the above information, political ideologies are very important when researching political parties it is also important that the ideologies are in line with the needs of the country (that of the leading party and the opposition party) I agree with the ideologies of the DA as intellectual foundation because their ideologies are more universal and more realistic. All over the world and in all of history, political ideologies were used and original by potential members and loyal support of the political party. Various political ideologies should be used as far as possible within the party.Bibliography/Referen cing listHeywood, A. 2013. Politics. Hampshire Palgrave Macmillan.Eccleshal, R., Geoghegan, V., Jay, R. Wilford, R. 1984. Political IdeologiesAn introduction. Essex Anchor Brendon Ltd.Kohn, H. 1966. Political Ideologies of the Twentieth Century. New York The Macmillan Company.Baronga, Y. 1983. Political Science in Africa. London Zed Press Plc.De Jager, N., Graham, V., Gumede, V., Mangcu, X., Neethling, T., Kotze, J., Welsh, D. 2015. South African Politics An Itroduction. South Africa Oxford University Press Southern Africa (Pty) Limited.http//africasacountry.com/the-politics-and-ideology-of-helen-zille/(9 April 2015)http//www.anc.org.za/docs/manifesto/2014/anc-manifesto.pd(9 April 2015)1 A. Heywood Politics (2013) 27,31,34,38.2 A. Heywood Politics (2013) 47,49.3 R. Eccleshall Political Ideologiesan introduction (1984) 79.4 V. Geoghegan Political Ideologiesan introduction (1984) 115.5 R. Jay Political Ideologiesan introduction (1984)159,185.6 H. Kohn Political Ideologies of the Twe ntieth Century (1966) 133,146.7 Y. Barongo Political Science in Africa (1983) 17.8 N. De Jager South African PoliticsAn Introduction (2015) 150,151,154,155.9 http//africasacountry.com/the-politics-and-ideology-of-helen-zille/10 http//www.anc.org.za/docs/manifesto/2014/anc-manifesto.pd

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